Ornithology came from the Greek words ornis, meaning bird, and logos which means knowledge. It is the branch of zoology that deals with the study of birds. There are several aspects in the study of ornithology that differ from related disciplines. The science of ornithology studies behaviour, evolution, and ecological background of birds. During the early times, the study was much focused and concerned on the description of the species.
During the middle period from 1888-1969, the study of birds was the first public interest that pertained to the conservation and environmental protection of birds. Witmer Stone contributed a lot of time in researching for the conservation efforts and national organisations like the American Ornithologist’s Union (AOU). He also influenced and brought public interest to ornithology and bird collection as he founded the Delaware Valley Ornithological Club.
In the early 20th century, there were two people responsible for expanding the scope of Ornithology in international regions such as Asia, Africa and the Neotropics. They are James Bond and Rudolphe Meyer de Schauensee. The collections funded by the two had formed the centre of the modern collection which is associated with the complete information that discusses the locality, the type of birds, colour, parts of the body, and a lot more. Not being satisfied with the evidence, research, and studies they made, Meyer de Schauensee hired potential field preparators to explore the remote areas in different places of the world and to collect avifauna of the region. The actual visualisation of the birds can help to improve the study by documenting movement, accuracy, and behaviour of birds in the fields.