Tips For Choosing Point Of View


In choosing the point of view, one must determine if the first person, or the second person, or the third person is narrating the story. The writer must know who the narrator is, and how much available information can be narrated within the story. The narrator can either be subjective, i.e. with direct involvement in the action of the story, or else objective, i.e. merely reporting or describing the action that has taken place in the story.


The first person perspective (“I”) makes the narrator the main character of the story, such that the narrator is affected by the events of the story directly. However, even in first person narration it can be the case that the narrator is the one telling the story of the main character or the story’s second character. It is not too complicated to write using the first person point of view. The first person creates an understanding between the narrator and the reader as they encounter other characters and their insights.

When the second person perspective or “you” is used, it makes the reader participate in the action directly. The second person includes the reader directly in the ongoing story.

The third person tells us what “she”, “he”, or “it” is doing in the story. This can be either in the limited perspective, in which the narrator shows the viewpoint of one character from the story, or in the omniscient perspective, where all of the characters’ personalities and actions are exposed by the narrator. The third person lets you transitionally explore all of the insights and objectives of all the characters.