The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is also commonly referred to as the Caucasian Ovcharka. This breed is said to have originated in the Caucasus Mountain region, but some archaeological studies are pointing to Mesopotamia. Nevertheless, the shepherd of the Caucasus area has depended on this breed for centuries because of their intrepid behaviour, loyalty, and protective nature.
The structure of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is both powerful and athletic. They are heavy boned, which adds to the intimidation factor. This breed can frighten predators and dangerous strangers. The males are massive in size, and the females tend to be smaller and more feminine in appearance.
The thick double layer coat allows this breed to easily adapt to any weather, including extreme temperatures. Generally, there are three different kinds of coats of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog: long and fluffy, intermediate and slightly feathered, and short. The coats can come in a variety of colour combinations but typically include grey, red, fawn, tan and brindle shades. Patterns vary and there are no standard markings present on the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are notorious for their lively spirit and strong-willed manner. They are very gentle and affectionate toward their owner and their family, but this breed can be ferocious if provoked or threatened. This can be a threat toward their owners, their land, or the animals in their care. They are viewed as an aggressive canine that will not back down, so much care needs to be taken if selecting this breed of dog.